Dollars and Jens
Tuesday, September 21, 2010
FOMC statement
The FOMC statement, as revised:

Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in June August indicates that the pace of recovery in output and employment has slowed in recent months. Household spending is increasing gradually, but remains constrained by high unemployment, modest income growth, lower housing wealth, and tight credit. Business spending on equipment and software is rising ; however, , though less rapidly than earlier in the year, while investment in nonresidential structures continues to be weak and employers . Employers remain reluctant to add to payrolls. Housing starts remain are at a depressed level. Bank lending has continued to contract, but at a reduced rate in recent months. Nonetheless, the The Committee anticipates a gradual return to higher levels of resource utilization in a context of price stability, although the pace of economic recovery is likely to be more modest in the near term than had been anticipated.

Measures of underlying inflation have trended lower in recent quarters and, with are currently at levels somewhat below those the Committee judges most consistent, over the longer run, with its mandate to promote maximum employment and price stability. With substantial resource slack continuing to restrain cost pressures and longer-term inflation expectations stable, inflation is likely to be remain subdued for some time before rising to levels the Committee considers consistent with its mandate.

The Committee will maintain the target range for the federal funds rate at 0 to 1/4 percent and continues to anticipate that economic conditions, including low rates of resource utilization, subdued inflation trends, and stable inflation expectations, are likely to warrant exceptionally low levels of for the federal funds rate for an extended period.

To help support the economic recovery in a context of price stability, the Committee will keep constant the Federal Reserve's holdings of securities at their current level by The Committee also will maintain its existing policy of reinvesting principal payments from agency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities in longer-term Treasury securities its securities holdings.

The Committee will continue to monitor the economic outlook and financial developments and will employ its policy tools as necessary to promote is prepared to provide additional accommodation if needed to support the economic recovery and price stability to return inflation, over time, to levels consistent with its mandate.

Voting for the FOMC monetary policy action were: Ben S. Bernanke, Chairman; William C. Dudley, Vice Chairman; James Bullard; Elizabeth A. Duke; Donald L. Kohn; Sandra Pianalto; Eric S. Rosengren; Daniel K. Tarullo; and Kevin M. Warsh.

Voting against the policy was Thomas M. Hoenig, who judges judged that the economy is recovering modestly, as projected continues to recover at a moderate pace. Accordingly, he believed that continuing to express the expectation of exceptionally low levels of the federal funds rate for an extended period was no longer warranted and limits the Committee's ability to adjust policy when needed will lead to future imbalances that undermine stable long-run growth. In addition, given economic and financial conditions, Mr. Hoenig did not believe that keeping constant the size of the Federal Reserve's holdings of longer-term securities at their current level continuing to reinvest principal payments from its securities holdings was required to support a return to the Committee's policy objectives.


Wednesday, September 01, 2010
wage disparity by sex by city
One occasionally hears a statistic that women make 3/4 to 4/5 as much money as men do, but for a long time it's been the case that single, childless women make an amount that is statistically indistinguishable from single, childless men in the same jobs. (This, of course, is based on averages. Individual variation is pervasive.) As of 2008, in large metropolitan areas, women on average appear to have been outearning men, though it isn't clear to me whether they took account of which jobs people were working in.

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